Hot Pepper Chart – Scoville Scale for Peppers

The Scoville scale is a measurement of the spicy heat (or piquance) of a chili pepper. It is named after its creator, American pharmacist Wilbur Scoville. His method, devised in 1912, is known as the Scoville Organoleptic Test. The number of Scoville heat units (SHU) in a particular pepper indicates the amount of capsaicin present. What is Capsaicin? It is a chemical compound that stimulates chemoreceptor nerve endings in the skin, especially the mucous membranes.   Have you ever eaten a really hot pepper and all of a sudden your nose starts running and your eyes tears up?  Well that is the effects of the level of capsaicin in that pepper.

Here is a little reference for you in terms of how hot a pepper can be. (adapted from Wikipedia)

SHU = scoville heat units
15,000,000–16,000,000 Pure capsaicin
5,000,000–5,300,000 Law enforcement grade pepper spray, FN 303 irritant ammunition
855,000–1,359,000 Infinity Chilli,Naga Viper pepper,Naga Jolokia pepper (ghost chili)
350,000–580,000 Red Savina habanero
100,000–350,000 Guntur chilli, Habanero chili, Scotch bonnet pepper, Madame Jeanette, Jamaican hot pepper
50,000–100,000 Bird’s eye chili, Chiltepin pepper, Pequin pepper
30,000–50,000 Cayenne pepper, Tabasco pepper, Cumari pepper (Capsicum Chinese)
10,000–23,000 Serrano pepper, Peter pepper, Aleppo pepper
2,500–8,000 Jalapeño pepper, Guajillo pepper, New Mexican varieties of Anaheim pepper, Paprika (Hungarian wax pepper), Tabasco sauce
500–2,500 Anaheim pepper, Poblano pepper, Rocotillo pepper, Peppadew, Padron pepper
100–500 Pimento, Peperoncini, Banana pepper
0 No significant heat, Bell pepper, Cubanelle, Aji dulce

 

Check out list of Hottest Hot Sauces still being made and our list of the World’s Hottest Hot Sauces ever Made

Other Posts you may be interested in:

Top 25 Hottest Hot Sauces

World Hottest Hot Sauces

Blair’s Hot Sauce Scoville Ratings

Dave’s Insanity Sauce Scoville Ratings

Mad Dog Hot Sauce Scoville Ratings

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